Labour Force Survey Highlights 2015

The data presented is drawn from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey. It shows rates of unemployment1 in Canada’s tourism sector by province and industry group2.

All data presented here is seasonally unadjusted to allow comparisons between the tourism sector and the overall economy. As such, monthly and annual numbers for Canada’s entire labour force will differ from the seasonally adjusted numbers that are commonly reported on.

Annual Average Unemployment by Industry

Unemployment levels in the tourism sector were lower than in the overall economy. Of the five industry groups that make up the tourism sector, only accommodations had an unemployment rate that was higher than the overall economy.

Annual Average Unemployment by Province (Tourism vs. Labour Force)

The highest rates of unemployment occurred in the Eastern regions of Canada. Prince Edward Island had the highest tourism unemployment rate at 12.8. It was the only province where tourism unemployment exceeded overall unemployment. In every other province, the tourism sector experienced lower unemployment than the overall economy.

National Monthly Unemployment Rate (Tourism vs. Labour Force)

Tourism had its lowest levels of unemployment in the summer months, with the higher rates in April and November.

Annual Unemployment Rate (Tourism vs. Labour Force) 2005–2015

Between 2005 and 2008, the tourism unemployment rate closely mirrored that of the Canadian economy. However, since 2008, those rates have diverged. Tourism unemployment has consistently been about a percentage point lower than the overall unemployment rate since 2009.

1 To determine unemployment rates, industrial (NAICS) classifications are based on the most recent job held within the past year, and are self-identified by the respondent. Unemployed persons are those who, during the reference period, were available for work but were: on temporary layoff; were without work; or were to start a new job within four weeks.

2 As defined by the Canadian Tourism Satellite Account. The NAICS industries included in the tourism sector are those that would cease to exist or operate at a significantly reduced level of activity as a direct result of an absence of tourism.