Program Comparison, Articulation and Reciprocity

Assessing Comparing Recognizing Prior Learning

If the Canadian tourism sector is to achieve true learner and labour mobility for its non-regulated occupations, it must have better mechanisms for assessing, comparing and recognizing prior learning.

When there are accurate, fair and reliable mechanisms in place that enable educators and learners to assess, compare and recognize skills and credentials, everyone wins.

Building on its existing national occupational standards and industry-certification program Tourism HR Canada is carrying out targeted research projects. These projects compare and map learning outcomes for a variety of educational institutions as well as industry associations, both nationally and internationally. The goal is to further the development of protocols, processes and frameworks to support effective mechanisms for recognizing prior learning within tourism occupations.

Cooks Qualifications Framework 

Clearly identified career paths and progressive qualifications can improve industry productivity because it aids in the recruitment, selection and retention of skilled workers.

Qualified individuals provide skilled labour. But how do employers know what various qualifications mean and how they relate to one another? How do individuals who are considering entering the cooking profession find out about the options and learn about the differences in programs and qualifications?

To identify and promote positive career options, the cooking profession and the value of qualifications and optional learning routes must be described in a way that is cohesive, clear and realistic.

This project was initiated by chefs and educators who saw an opportunity to work together to provide resources that would encourage new entrants to the trade.

Chefs, industry, educators, apprenticeship and tourism human resource organizations worked together on the project, beginning a pan-Canadian discussion into how qualifications in the cooking profession link to one another.

Incorporating National Occupational Standards into Tourism Techniques Articulation Project (Projected completion date: July 2009)

Integrating relevant national occupational standards into the curriculum of Cégep de Saint-Félicien, and achieving reciprocity between Tourism HR Canada and this Quebec-based college, will allow students there to acquire a variety of management and occupation-specific skills.

Upon graduation, it will also lead to automatic receipt of an emerit certificate for occupational knowledge. Individuals who receive this emerit certification could also receive recognition toward the Tourism Techniques program at Cégep de Saint-Félicien.

Comparative Study: Cooks Apprenticeship Comparative Study: Canada and Germany (May 2008)

In Canada, both Tourism HR Canada and the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program are involved in delivering programs that are intended to provide a dependable process for identifying practitioners who meet particular standards.

This study includes a comparison of the qualifications required for obtaining the Line Cook credential offered through

the emerit Line Cook Certification Program

the Red Seal designation for cooks available through the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program, and

the Specialized Worker Certificate: Cook, available through the apprenticeship program delivered by the German Dual Vocational Education and Training (VET) System.

Comparative Analysis: The EMBOK Model Framework and the emerit Event Coordinator/Event Manager Occupational Standards

Occupational standards are the skills, knowledge, and attitudes needed to be considered competent in an occupation. Standards are created from a detailed occupational analysis that results in the identification of criteria-based performance and knowledge requirements for that occupation.

The EMBOK model is a knowledge framework and descriptive summary of the scope and processes that are used in the management of events. It is a sequential system reflecting the changing nature of event management.

Since its release, the model is being refined and validated through input from numerous industry and academic groups around the world. Taking the results of this study one step further, Tourism HR Canada is currently leading the development of an international event-management standard.

Comparative Analysis: SAQA National Diploma: Event Coordination and emerit Event Coordinator/Event Manager (July 2007)

In 1998, South Africa established the Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs), including the Services SETA and THETA, the Tourism and Hospitality Training Authority. South Africa’s National Qualifications Framework (NQF) was established, in part, “to facilitate the assessment of the international comparability of standards and qualifications” (International Labour Organization website).

Both Canada and South Africa have recognized credentials for the events industry that are based on standards. A comparative analysis of these standards will further the development of an FCR model for the events community and events industry in both countries.

Comparative Study: Emerit and Federation of Dining Room Professionals Certifications (September 2007)

This study compared emerit national occupational standards, performance materials and recognition methods related to food and beverage service and supervisory/management occupations.

The Federation of Dining Room Professionals (FDRP) is a worldwide, US-based organization dedicated to promoting service excellence in dining rooms and restaurants.

The study included the review and analysis of governance, administrative procedures and theoretical approaches to development as well as assessment methods and processes. As a result of the study, Tourism HR Canada and FDRP are currently discussing reciprocity agreements.

Selective World Scan of Tourism & Hospitality Education and Training Frameworks (March 2006)

(Only available in English)

This research project included a world scan and analysis of tourism and hospitality education and training frameworks and a comparison with practices in Canada. The study reviewed workplace (industry) training, assessment and recognition systems and post-secondary-education systems as well as trends for country/regional qualification frameworks. The study includes recommendations to support potential bilateral or multilateral learner/labourer recognition.

A Comparative Study of Tourism HR Canada and the Australian Tourism and Hospitality Training Packages (December 2005)

Tourism HR Canada developed an industry-certification program in response to the increasing demand for skilled employees and the desire to provide a high level of service within the tourism industry. Additionally, Tourism HR Canada recognizes that anticipated growth in employment may not be met by the current or future Canadian workforce, and that the industry would benefit from the recognition of international skills and qualifications that encourage the mobility and transferability of labour from foreign countries.

To meet future needs, a foreign-credential-recognition (FCR) model must be developed and connected with the sector’s existing occupational standards as well as its professional certification (credential) program. 

A Comparative Study of Tourism HR Canada and CARIBCERT Professional Certification Systems (October 2005)

This project comprised a review of selected international credential-recognition systems. It looked at the terms and conditions of those systems and identified what is common among them and relevant to Canada. The intent was to build upon existing relationships and similar work that has been conducted on establishing joint recognition systems between countries.

The goal was to develop a better understanding of assessment and recognition methodology. The project also looked at identifying concerns and requirements associated with establishing an FCR model.

Foreign Systems: Research Review of Standards and Certification Systems in Canada and the Caribbean (November 2005)

This project investigated the terms, conditions and processes of the development and implementation of selected standards and certification systems in

education and training for the tourism sector in Canada and the Caribbean. It sought to identify what elements, if any, are common and relevant to both.